The word periodontal means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, but also research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affect these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Here are some common symptoms to be aware of:
Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
Caused by bone loss.
Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
Sign that there is an infection present.
Loss of gum around a tooth.
Gums should never be red or swollen.
Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
Here are the ways you can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Our team performs scaling and root planing to remove built-up plaque and tartar. This is done to remove harmful and prevent future infection. We also use gentle laser treatment to remove damaged gum tissue and promote healing.